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Causal Composition: Structural Differences among Dynamically Equivalent Systems
The dynamical evolution of a system of interacting elements can be predicted in terms of its elementary constituents and their interactions, o...
Causal reductionism and causal structures
Causal reductionism is the widespread assumption that there is no room for additional causes once we have accounted for all elementary mechanisms within a system...
Causal specificity and the instructive–permissive distinction
I use some recent formal work on measuring causation to explore a suggestion by James Woodward...
Causation and Time Reversal
What would it be for a process to happen backwards in time? Would such a process involve different causal relations? It is common to understan...
Cell Systems Bioelectricity: How Different Intercellular Gap Junctions Could Regionalize a Multicellular Aggregate
Electric potential distributions can act as instructive pre-patterns for development, regeneration, and tumorigenesis in cell systems. The bio...
Certification and Quantification of Multilevel Quantum Coherence
Quantum coherence, present whenever a quantum system exists in a superposition of multiple classically distinct states, marks one of the funda...
Changes in Character Virtues are Driven by Classroom Relationships: A Longitudinal Study of Elementary School Children
Abstract The purpose of this study is to understand the role of school relationships in shaping students’ character development in middle chil...
Charity explains differences in life satisfaction between religious and secular New Zealanders
This study investigated whether differences in subjective well-being between religious and non-religious people could be partially accounted f...
Chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ) navigate to find hidden fruit in a virtual environment
Almost all animals navigate their environment to find food, shelter, and mates. Spatial cognition of nonhuman primates in large-scale environm...
Closed-System Solution of the 1D Atom from Collision Model
Obtaining the total wavefunction evolution of interacting quantum systems provides access to important properties, such as entanglement, shedd...
Co-evolution of cooperation and cognition: the impact of imperfect deliberation and context-sensitive intuition
How does cognitive sophistication impact cooperation? We explore this question using a model of the co-evolution of cooperation and cognition....
Co-utile P2P ridesharing via decentralization and reputation management
Ridesharing has the potential to bring a wealth of benefits both to the actors directly involved in the shared trip (e.g., shared travel costs...
Co-Utility: Self-Enforcing protocols for the mutual benefit of participants
Protocols govern the interactions between agents, both in the information society and in the society at large. Protocols based on mutually ben...
Cognitive flexibility supports the development of cumulative cultural learning in children
Abstract The scale of cumulative cultural evolution (CCE) is a defining characteristic of humans. Despite marked scientific interest in CCE, t...
Cognitive reflection correlates with behavior on Twitter
We investigate the relationship between individual differences in cognitive reflection and behavior on the social media platform Twitter, usin...
Coherence effects in the performance of the quantum Otto heat engine
The working substance fueling a quantum heat engine may contain coherence in its energy basis, depending on the dynamics of the engine cycle. ...
Collecting big data with small screens: Group tests of children’s cognition with touchscreen tablets are reliable and valid
Abstract Collecting experimental cognitive data with young children usually requires undertaking one-on-one assessments, which can be both exp...
Comment on 'Lack of evidence for associative learning in pea plants'
In 2016 we reported evidence for associative learning in plants (Gagliano et al., 2016). In view of the far-reaching implications of this find...
Comment on “Unique in the shopping mall: On the reidentifiability of credit card metadata”
De Montjoye et al . (Reports, 30 January 2015, p. 536) claimed that most individuals can be reidentified from a deidentified transaction datab...
Community effects allow bioelectrical reprogramming of cell membrane potentials in multicellular aggregates: Model simulations
Bioelectrical patterns are established by spatiotemporal correlations of cell membrane potentials at the multicellular level, being crucial to...